Johan Julius Christian Sibelius was born on the 8th of December, 1865 in Hämeenlinna. His father was Christian Gustaf Sibelius, and his mother Maria Charlotta Sibelius. Sibelius’s parents started to call Johan Janne according to his uncle. His father died of typhoid fever in July 1868. Janne started to play the piano when he was 3. ‘’Raindrops’’ was his first composition, and he was ten when he composed it. Janne played music as a child with his siblings. His mother tongue was Swedish, and the education in schools was in Swedish. But when he went to senior high school, he had to learn Finnish. Sibelius graduated from senior high school in 1885 and began law studies at the University of Helsinki, but the studies were interrupted immediately after the first year. He was more interested in music than reading books.
Sibelius was married to Aino Järnefelt on the 10th of May, 1892. They had six daughters, but one of them died at the age of one.
Sibelius died of a brain hemorrhage, in Ainola on the 20th of September, 1957 when he was 91 years old. Jean Sibelius is the most famous Finnish composer, and his works are known all over the world. Nowadays in Helsinki, there is Sibelius academy, which is a university.
His most famous works:
-Symphonies -Symphonic poems
Symphony No. 1 in E minor, op. 39 Kullervo
Symphony No. 2 in D major, op. 43 of the Satu
Symphony No. 3 in C major, op. 52 Lemminkäinen
Symphony No. 4 in A minor, op. 63 Finlandia
Symphony No. 5 in E flat major, op. 82 of the Pohjolan tytär
Symphony No. 6 in D minor, op. 104 Öinen ratsastus ja auringonnousu
Symphony No. 7 in C major, op. 105 Bardi
-Other orchestral works Luonnotar
Karelia suite Aallottaret
Valse triste Tapiola